Hearing Before Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, House of Representatives, on the Bills H. R. 4438, H. R. 16676, and H. R. 18671, to Limit the Hours of Service of Railroad Employees
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1906 - 156 pages
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Common terms and phrases
accident allowed amendment apply BALDWIN believe bill called cars cause CHAIRMAN Chicago City Commission committee conductor Congress connection Constitution continuous contract course court crew CUSHMAN danger delay division duty eight hours emergency employed employees enacted engaged engine ESCH excessive fact follows freight FULLER give held increase instance interstate Interstate Commerce Judge JUDSON Kansas kind labor late legislation legislature less limit MANN matter means miles necessary NEWCOMB NORRIS number of hours operation opinion paid passed PAYSON penalty permitted person present proper protection question railroad company railway reason reference regard regulations represent rest result RICHARDSON road rule RYAN safety sixteen hours sleep statement statute suppose terminal thing tion train trip true understand United violation
Page 97 - State, sometimes termed its police power, to prescribe regulations to promote the health, peace, morals, education and good order of the people, and to legislate so as to increase the industries of the State, develop its resources, and add to its wealth and prosperity.
Page 93 - In every case that comes before this court, therefore, where legislation of this character is concerned and where the protection of the Federal Constitution is sought, the question necessarily arises: Is this a fair, reasonable and appropriate exercise of the police power of the State, or is it an unreasonable, unnecessary and arbitrary interference with the right of the individual to his personal liberty...
Page 91 - Under that provision no State can deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law. The right to purchase or to sell labor is part of the liberty protected by this amendment, unless there are circumstances which exclude the right.
Page 97 - This right of contract, however, is itself subject to certain limitations which the State may lawfully impose in the exercise of its police powers. While this power is inherent in all governments, it has doubtless been greatly expanded in its application during the past century, owing to an enormous increase in the number of occupations which are dangerous, or so far detrimental to the health of employees as to demand special precautions for their well-being and protection, or the safety of adjacent...
Page 86 - ... the proprietors of these ,establishments and their operatives do not stand upon an equality, and that their interests are, to a certain extent, conflicting. The former naturally desire to obtain as much labor as possible from their...
Page 82 - The Fourteenth Amendment does not profess to secure to all persons in the United States the benefit of the same laws and the same remedies. Great diversities in these respects may exist in two States separated only by an imaginary line. On one side of this line there may be a right of trial by jury, and on the other side no such right. Each State prescribes its own modes of judicial proceeding.
Page 83 - ... traditions of English law and history; but it was made for an undefined and expanding future, and for a people gathered and to be gathered from many nations and of many tongues. And while we take just pride in the principles and institutions of the common law, we are not to forget that in lands where other systems of jurisprudence prevail, the ideas and processes of civil justice are also not unknown. Due process of law...
Page 89 - On the contrary, it belongs to the state, as the guardian and trustee for its people, and having control of its affairs, to prescribe the conditions upon which it will permit public work to be done on its behalf, or on behalf of its municipalities. No court has authority to review its action in that respect. Regulations on this subject suggest only considerations of public policy. And with such considerations the courts have no concern.
Page 93 - The law must be upheld, if at all, as a law pertaining to the health of the individual engaged in the occupation of a baker.
Page 101 - It is settled by various decisions of this court that state constitutions and state laws may regulate life in many ways which we as legislators might think as injudicious, or if you like as tyrannical, as this, and which, equally with this, interfere with the liberty to contract.